The amount of stress one puts in their life leads to a particular health hazard due to many heart-related ailments. There are no exception cases in recent times regarding heart-related problems. There are many factors related to prone heart diseases that take a significant toll on the body.
Many patients prefer using Medicine Tracker application to set their medication reminder and also other reminders for therapy, nutrition, etc. This application is easy to access in an Android phone/iOS as well as website whichever easy to handle.
What is Cardiovascular disease?
Cardiovascular disease, in simple terms, replaces with the word ‘heart disease.’ A heart condition that involves blocked blood vessels leads to a heart attack, chest pain or stroke.
There are other forms of heart diseases include blood vessel diseases such as coronary artery disease, arrhythmias (heart rhythm problems) and congenital heart defects (heart defect on newborn).
Types of cardiovascular diseases are
1. Atherosclerotic disease – heart disease in blood vessels
2. Arrhythmias – heart disease causes abnormal heartbeat
3. Congenital heart defects – serious heart problems mostly affect newborn infant
4. Dilated cardiomyopathy – heart problem due to weak heart muscles
5. Endocarditis – heart infection
6. Valvular heart disease – damage in the valves that helps in blood circulation.
Symptoms may be different depending on the type of disease.
Common symptoms include
1. Chest pain (angina) – It happens when a part of the heart does not receive oxygen. It triggers when a person encounters physical or emotional events, lasts for 10 mins.
2. Difficulty in breathing
3. Heart palpitations
There are other symptoms mainly on the type of disease
1. Atherosclerotic disease – Fatigue (tiredness), Abdominal pain, numbness in arms and legs.
2. Arrhythmias – Dizziness, syncope(fainting), irregular heartbeats such as tachycardia (racing heartbeat), bradycardia(slow heartbeat).
3. Congenital heart defects – Heart defects present in infants before their birth include cyanosis(blue skin color), Swelling in legs, difficulty in breathing during feeding, that leads to poor weight gain. This symptom may not develop until the person is 13 years of age.
4. Dilated cardiomyopathy – In the early stage, it shows no signs. It includes fatigue, dizziness, irregular heartbeats, etc.
5. Endocarditis – Heart infection that affects the inner membrane of the heart.
It includes heart infection symptoms:
- Dry cough
- Skin Rashes
6. Valvular heart disease – the four valves that help in the blood circulation of the human body are the aortic, mitral, pulmonary and tricuspid valves. These may get damaged due to a variety of heart conditions – leakage problem.
- Swollen ankles
- Irregular heartbeat
- Lack of breathing
Symptoms of heart attacks include nausea, vomiting, profuse sweating and also sometimes indigestion, heartburns and a stomach ache, etc.
The causes of heart disease damage all or some parts of the heart, such as an inadequate supply of oxygen and nutrients to the body organs, damage to arteries, veins, etc.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is one type of heart disease that is genetic in condition. Therefore, congenital heart defects can occur before a person is born.
The leading cause is the lifestyle choice of an individual takes that increases the risk of having heart prone diseases. It includes:
- Smoking Cigarettes
- Junk food
- Family history
- High Cholesterol and blood pressure
- History of Preeclampsia (a condition during pregnancy due to a sudden rise in blood pressure and swelling in hands and legs)
- Lack of physical activity
These all are risk factors that increase the risk of having cardiovascular diseases.
Doctors suggest conducting a specific type of tests to know the heart condition that the person suffers. Even though, doctors perform a physical examination and enquire about the family history or medical history before taking the tests.
Other than blood tests, X-ray tests, there is a specific test that helps to diagnose cardiovascular disease includes ECG (Electrocardiogram), CT, MRI scans, etc.
Common treatments of Cardiovascular disease
Many doctors recommend treatments depending on the type of cardiovascular disease after conducting specific tests. Doctors try different methods of treatment on the symptoms in their patients. Control your heart disease from further health complications with heart disease app.
Some of the conventional treatments given by the doctors in case of the type of the cardiovascular disease are:
1. Prescribing Medicines
It is one of the traditional methods to control heart disease from further health complications. Medications such as statins given to reduce the cholesterol levels, warfarin to prevent blood clots, Ecosprin to minimize the risk of heart attack and stroke, medicines related to lowering blood pressure levels, etc.
2. Health Diet
Following a healthy diet plan as instructed by the dietician through concerned doctor’s recommendation. Lifestyle changes play a significant role that increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Controlling heart patient’s food habits, restricting smoking, doing physical exercise, limiting alcohol intake, etc. as per the doctor’s suggestion will prevent major heart prone diseases.
If the other two options are not working on certain types of cardiovascular diseases, doctors take surgery as another option before any further health complications. Operations depend on the kind of heart condition such as Angioplasty or bypass surgery for heart attack patients, pacemaker, heart valve surgery, etc.
4. Psychological Therapy
Stress is also a cause of cardiovascular disease. To minimize the stress level, doctors may prefer to recommend a psychologist. They conduct psychological therapy sessions to mitigate the heart problem.
Many researchers claim that heart prone diseases are dangerous; if untreated for a long time, it may give serious health hazards to the body. Regular doctor checkup will help the patients to take preventative measures to minimize the risk of any heart-related condition. Medicine Tracker application helps in a chronic health condition. It gives the doctor direct access to check the patient’s regular journal entries to know whether there is any improvement in health or not. The patients can autofill their medicine reminder with the amount of dosage, day, time, etc. that helps them to remember the timely basis of medicines taken.
Following the given instructions by the concerned doctor will benefit the health condition from any other heart-related problems.